Chania is a Greek nome located in the west of Crete. It borders in the east on Rethymno. Presently the region is considered to be the most important tourist areas of Greece. Its administrative center is the city of Chania, situated 145 km away from the capital of the island, Heraklion.
The administrative center is divided into two areas. The historic one has numerous ancient structures and traces of archaeological excavations. The modern area accommodates fashionable nightclubs, boutiques, comfortable apartments, restaurants of the traditional cuisine etc.
The history of Chania goes back to the ancient times, when the main city of the nome had a polis of Cydonia on its territory. Later the resort, which is so popular today, was repeatedly changing owners. Following the Fourth Crusade, the island of Crete was given to its leader – the King of Thessalonica, Boniface of Montferrat.
Then the leader of God’s warriors sold the island to the enterprising Venetians. It happened in 1252. The subjects of Venice were dominating only for 11 years. Rather soon, in 1263 Crete was conquered by the Genoese. They did not stay there much longer though – in 1285 the rule was taken back by the Venetians.
At the time of the Venetian reign Chania turned into the residence of the head of the administration of Crete. When Constantinople fell in 1453, many outstanding people of that epoch found their shelter in the city. Thanks to their efforts, a unique culture based on the mixture of Greek, Venetian and Byzantine traditions was formed in Chania.
In 1645 Crete was captured by the Turks. Chania became a residence of the Cretan pasha. Subjects of the Ottoman Empire were dominating for almost two centuries, till the first uprising against the invaders in 1821. Finally the island attached to Greece in 1913. Chania became a part of the ancient state as well.